Why so few fully vaccinated people have died of Covid-19

Experts say few fully vaccinated people in NSW have died of Covid-19, but that shouldn’t bother you getting vaccinated. Here’s why.

Experts say few fully vaccinated people in NSW have died of Covid-19, but that shouldn’t stop you getting the vaccine or make you doubt its efficacy.

As of today, 36 in full to feed Residents died in the state’s delta outbreak accounting for about 11 percent of all deaths.

there was One patient was fully vaccinated out of 15 deaths I reported until 8 pm yesterday.

The woman, who was in her 70s and lived in Batemans Bay on the south coast of New South Wales, died at home and had underlying health conditions. NSW Health said in a statement that she received her second dose of the vaccine shortly before her death and was diagnosed with Covid-19 after her death.

According to the latest detailed breakdown of NSW health data, As of September 11, 20 of the 21 (at the time) who died completely were aged 70 or older. Of the 15 fully vaccinated people who have since died, eight had underlying health conditions.

“As the proportion of the vaccinated population increases, the number of fully vaccinated cases will increase, but that does not mean that the vaccines do not work,” NSW Heath noted in the surveillance report.

“The main thing to capture here is that about 11 percent of the people who die are fully vaccinated, but in the groups that are most at risk of dying (over-70s, people with vulnerabilities), about 80 percent are vaccinated explicitly. complete,” Emma McBride, professor of infectious diseases and epidemiology at James Cook University, told news.com.au.

“Together, these two pieces of information indicate a strong protective effect of vaccination by about 30 to 40 times that reduces the risk of death in the vaccine.”

Prof McBride added that a handful of virus deaths in the full vaccine were not unexpected “because there is no perfect vaccine and it reduces your chances dramatically.” [of contracting the virus] But not completely.”

Emily Edwards, a research fellow in the Laboratory of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at Monash University, agreed, telling news.com.au that despite the misfortune, “there will be very few deaths in a fully vaccinated vaccine because the vaccine is not 100% effective.” .

“We need to keep in mind that it takes two weeks after the second dose to build up full protection, so the second dose is critical,” Dr. Edwards added.

“Also, there is a small percentage of people with additional risk factors including age and immunodeficiency who are not fully protected by the vaccine.”

Who is most at risk of getting a “breakthrough” infection?

Dr. Edwards explained that individuals who may have a weak immune response to a stab are those who are immunocompromised in which part of the immune system is missing or not functioning adequately.

Primary immunodeficiencies are caused by DNA mutations, are rare and are often inherited. She added that secondary immunodeficiencies are more common and acquired after birth as a result of many external factors, including chronic infections such as HIV, malnutrition, cancer and some treatments.

“These vary in severity depending on the part of the immune system that is missing and the degree of impairment of function.

“Those receiving high doses of immunosuppressants including patients with bone marrow and solid organ transplants, and serious forms of primary immunodeficiency… are at the moderate to severe end of this spectrum.

In addition, the elderly have modest immune deficits that impair their ability to respond to infection and vaccination. This makes them more susceptible to severe Covid-19 infection.”

While some immunocompromised patients can respond to the vaccine, “these responses are usually lower than in healthy individuals,” Dr. Edwards said.

“It has also been shown that there is a lower level of response to Pfizer in older individuals than in younger individuals,” she added.

“This reduced immunity can lead to superhuman infections.”

In England, of the more than 51,000 deaths from Covid between January and July this year, only 256 occurred after two doses, most of them in people at high risk of getting sick from the virus.

The National Statistics Office He said the numbers show the high degree of protection from vaccines against disease and death.

In the United States, the story has been similar until recently, with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimating that fully vaccinated people account for less than one percent of virus deaths.

In August, though, the agency pointed That these numbers do not reflect new data on the delta variant and said it is actively working to update it.

Vaccination still essential to move forward against Covid-19

People who received both doses of the vaccine were 70 to 95 per cent less likely to contract the virus, compared to those who did not get either, according to Health NSW.

“Vaccination is the way out of this current problem in NSW, and vaccination is the most important step you can take to protect yourself, your family and your community,” NSW Health Minister Brad Hazzard said during today’s update.

“Please, get advice from a doctor, don’t get advice from social media. There are a huge number of very strange people on social media sending out very strange messages and they are not designed to keep you healthy or alive.”

Ultimately, Dr. Edwards said, “a high degree of protection against disease and death is provided by vaccination.”

Of the 15 percent of patients [NSW] She added that in cases of Covid-19 infection, four per cent of these individuals have been fully vaccinated.

In addition, by fully vaccinating a large proportion of the population, we will also help protect those who do not provide an adequate response to the vaccine.

“All of us should be responsible, and vaccination is the most important way to protect ourselves, our family, our friends and our community.”

What is important now, as vaccine uptake continues across the country, is “to have the largest number of vaccinations from the age of 12 years and above to ensure good coverage of the population, to reduce cases of severe Covid-19 disease.”

“Be vigilant, to maintain good public health practices to keep the level of infection as low as possible,” said Dr. Edwards.

“As vaccination levels increase, so will the number of vaccinated individuals who are hospitalized and/or die as a result of the disease.

Thus, over time, it would not be useful to compare the death numbers between the vaccinated versus the unvaccinated. However, it is important to note that the number of deaths is now lower than it was before vaccination.”

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