Why healthy young people should get booster injections of the Covid vaccine
Booster shots of a Covid vaccine may be on the horizon for all US adults — and according to new research, the step may be in time.
On Tuesday, Pfizer asked the US Food and Drug Administration Authorize booster doses The Covid-19 vaccine is for all Americans age 18 and older. The Food and Drug Administration can approve the request before Thanksgiving, according to The New York Times.
The newspaper noted that Moderna is expected to file a similar request with the Food and Drug Administration “soon.” Any new batch of eligibility will still need to be approved by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention before it becomes official.
If the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) approve Pfizer’s request, every American adult who is currently fully vaccinated—more than 181 million of them—would be eligible for the booster. Currently, the only People who can get booster injections be:
- Those aged 65 and over
- Adults at high risk of exposure to Covid, due to their occupation or living conditions
- adults with Some underlying medical conditions that puts them at risk of contracting severe illness from COVID-19
- Anyone who has received a one-shot vaccine from Johnson & Johnson
Nearly 25 million adults in the United States have had a booster vaccine for Covid so far, according to the CDC . data.
In September, an advisory group from the FDA actually Vote against the license booster For people aged 16 and over. in time, Experts saidTwo doses of mRNA covid vaccines are still available Provide adequate protection Against severe hospitalization and death for healthy young Americans.
But now, the influx of new data points to the benefits of reinforcers broadly, Christopher Morris, professor of global health at George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health, told CNBC Make It.
Here’s why, and whether or not getting that booster shot – once you qualify – is a good idea.
The initial rationale for distributing the booster shots was simple: Some people needed extra protection against Covid to prevent hospitalizations and deaths, but most did not. For the majority of fully vaccinated people, having Covid means very mild symptoms, or no symptoms at all.
That account has changed, says Dr. Colin Kelly, MD, associate professor of medicine in the division of infectious diseases at Emory University School of Medicine. The virus that causes Covid continues to spread, in large part because millions of people remain unvaccinated, and vaccine protection is diminishing significantly over time than experts predicted two months ago.
This means that the odds of infection in fully vaccinated people – with potentially dangerous symptoms – are increasing.. Kelly says the booster injection can increase antibody levels enough to help prevent those infections and return any breakthrough symptoms to a mild or non-existent state.
Last month, an Israeli study over 4.8 million vaccinated adults Comparing rates of breakthrough infection in people four to six months after full vaccination. In six months, the rate nearly doubled to 3.3 cases per 1,000 people – up from just 1.7 cases in four months.
“Although the delta variant has certainly played a role in the resurgence of Covid-19 in recent months, these findings suggest that weakened immunity is an important factor as well,” NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins wrote. Articles Another Tuesday about the Israeli study.
Likewise, a large study of Covid vaccines in American veterans was published last week found it For all three options adopted in the country, protection waned significantly in people who were fully vaccinated for six months – dropping to 48.1%, from 87.9% initially. The study indicated that all three vaccines remain highly effective in preventing death.
“Reinforcers have a role there to capture that, and not allow too many breakouts to happen,” Morris says.
Each person’s individual health and risk profile is different, so consider consulting your doctor before proceeding – but in general, most people should get a booster dose as soon as they qualify. Experts say it’s a low-risk, high-reward option.
“There is no indication that there is anything inherently risky about getting a booster from this vaccine,” Morris says. “There is definitely something inherently risky about contracting Covid.”
You should especially plan to get a booster dose if you want to be indoors with other people during the winter months, or travel during the holidays, says Dr. Saadia Khan, associate clinical professor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.
May be the biggest question Which booster to get. An eligible person can receive a booster dose of any of the three approved vaccines, regardless of which vaccine they initially received.
Dr. William Schaffner, M.D., professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University in the Department of Infectious Diseases, says adult women under 50 should consider using an mRNA booster from Pfizer or Moderna. That’s because the J&J vaccine can, in rare cases, lead to blood clotting disorders for this population.
Similarly, mRNA vaccines have become associated with increased Myocarditis rates, or carditis, especially among younger men — but Kelly says such conditions are very rare, and very mild and fairly easy to manage.
“It’s really important to think of booster medication as a way to get back more safely to normalcy,” says Khan. “That’s the real goal here: not to continue living in an epidemic world, but to try to get past it.”
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