Humans are active listeners. We create meaning where there is no one, or no purpose. Bender says it’s not that octopus words are meaningful, but that the peninsula can understand them.
For all their sophistication, today’s AIs are intelligent, just as a calculator can be called intelligent: they are both machines designed to convert input into output in ways that human minds Let’s choose to interpret meaningfully. Although neural networks can be loosened on the brain, the best of them are far less complex than the brain of a mouse.
And yet, we know that the brain can produce what we perceive as consciousness. If we could finally figure out how the brain does this, and reproduce this mechanism in an artificial device, then surely a consciousness machine could be possible?
As I tried to imagine Robert’s world at the beginning of this article, I drew myself to the question of what consciousness means to me. My idea of a consciousness machine was undoubtedly شاید perhaps inevitably جیسا human-like. It’s the only form of consciousness I can imagine, because it’s the only one I’ve ever experienced. But would it really like to be smart AI?
To think so is probably hubristic. The plan to build intelligent machines is biased towards human intelligence. But the animal world is full of a wide range of possible alternatives, from birds to bees to cephalopods.
The theory adopted by Renee Descartes a few hundred years ago was that only humans were conscious. Animals, lack of souls, were seen as mindless robots. Very few people think: If we are conscious, then there is no reason not to believe that mammals, with the same brain as them, are also conscious. And why draw a line around mammals? Birds are seen reflecting while solving puzzles. Most animals, even twins such as crabs and lobsters, show signs of pain, suggesting that they have some degree of personal awareness.
But how can we truly paint a picture of how it should feel? As the philosopher Thomas Nagel noted, it must be like a bat, but we cannot imagine – because we cannot imagine what it would be like to observe the world through a kind of sonar. We can only imagine how this could be. We To do so (perhaps by closing our eyes and photographing the cloud of the echolocation point around us), but it is still not as it should be with the bat’s brain.