This is what will lead to the end of deforestation by 2030.

The world has. One-third of its forests have been lost since the last ice age, and an estimated 15% of the world’s greenhouse gases still come from deforestation and deforestation.

Now a new pledge at last month’s COP26 climate conference in Glasgow hopes to change that. The Glasgow Declaration on Forests and Land Use, signed by key forest nations, aims to reduce deforestation to zero by 2030.

“It would be an incredible achievement if we could reduce deforestation to zero,” says Simon Lewis, a global change science researcher at the University of Leeds and University College London. […] And for biodiversity and conservation, because two-thirds of the world’s species are in the world’s tropical forests. “

But there are also serious warnings for this era, including the fact that similar announcements have been made before – often to little avail.

What is the New Testament?

It was announced in the COP in early November and was signed by 141 countries – including Brazil, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, three of the four countries with the most tropical forests in 2020.

Countries are committed to working collectively to prevent deforestation and land degradation by 2030 “while providing sustainable development and promoting a comprehensive rural transformation”. Importantly, it does not qualify for deforestation by simply referring to “illegal” deforestation as many others promise, meaning it is trying to cover all deforestation, not Only logging or land clearance in violation of local laws.

The pledge is backed by 12 12 billion in public funds and 7. 7.2 billion in private financing. Within this, 1. 1.7 billion will go to support the land rights of indigenous peoples and local communities and their role as protectors of forests.

However, Lewis says it remains unclear whether the pledge means “zero” deforestation or “pure zero” deforestation. Deforestation will mean that there will be no loss of old growing forests anywhere. But pure zero deforestation means that old growing forests can still be cleared, as long as new forests are planted at the same rate. “The former is much better for carbon, and much better for biodiversity,” says Lewis.

What effect can this have?

The effects of deforestation on everything from climate change and water conservation to wildlife and the well-being of local communities are difficult to exaggerate.

An analysis by the World Resources Institute (WRI) found that by 2030, deforestation in all the signatory countries would save 33 million hectares of forest, an area roughly the size of Malaysia. It would also avoid the equivalent of 19 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide (GtCO2e) emissions, double China’s annual emissions.

Adriana Ramos, coordinator of politics and law at the Instituto Socioambiental (ISA) in Brazil, says “this will be a real help in reducing emissions in general.” For example, when Brazil reduced its emissions from deforestation, it was the largest emissions reduction in the world. Deforestation is the cheapest and I would say the easiest way to reduce emissions.

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