The breakthrough infection in the Covid vaccine is rarely severe. Who is at risk?
Despite the power of Covid-19 vaccines in reducing the risks of hospitalization and death from the disease, Fully vaccinate people He can get very sick and die from the virus in rare cases. These individuals tend to be older than 65 or have a weakened immune system or other severe medical condition, according to an NBC News survey of health officials across the country.
“Throughout the pandemic, people who died from Covid-19 were more likely to be older, and this remains true with breakouts,” a spokesperson for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health said in an email.
In Oregon, about 10 percent of sudden injuries reported to the state have been in people living in nursing homes or community care facilities, and the majority of deaths have been seniors.
According to the Minnesota Department of Health, the average age of advanced cases that led to hospitalization is 74.
These are the same populations that have been most vulnerable to the severe consequences of Covid-19 since The beginning of the pandemic.
It’s a trend seen outside the United States as well.
Dr. Tal Broch, who heads the infectious diseases unit at Assuta University Hospital Ashdod in Israel, noted that breakthrough injuries tend to be more serious among those with underlying conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease.
“If you have been vaccinated and have a lot of comorbidities or you are infected ImmunocompromisedYou are not as well protected as anyone else who has been vaccinated, said Brusch.
Immunocompromised patients can include people who have already been taking medications to suppress their immune system after organ transplant or a cancer diagnosis.
This superinfection doesn’t mean that vaccines don’t work. No vaccine is 100 percent effective against infection.
Although the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initially tracked all supernatural injuries, as of May 1, the agency has switched to tracking only those associated with hospitalization or death. At that point, her quota exceeded 10,000.
But NBC News found that many states continued to track all supernatural infections, with 27 states reporting, in total, more than 65,000 cases.
That’s still a small portion of the more than 160 million people fully vaccinated in the United States, and the vast majority of these advanced cases “tend to be milder,” said Dr. Jay Butler, chief of Covid-19 response at the CDC. on diseases, he said during a briefing with the Infectious Diseases Association of America last week. “Even if infection does occur, it reduces the risk of hospitalization.”
However, superinfection can lead to severe illness, hospitalization, and even death, particularly in the most vulnerable individuals.
As of July 12, . has been released CDC mentioned Nearly 5,500 cases in which a person who was fully vaccinated with Covid-19 has passed on or died. 75% of these patients were over the age of 65.
But the case of the breach did not necessarily cause hospitalization or death. Many penetrating infections are asymptomatic and are found by chance or by routine examination among patients who arrive at the hospital for other reasons, such as heart disease or other medical problems.
In fact, in 1,456, or 28 percent, of hospitalizations tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, advanced cases were either asymptomatic or did not play a role in why the patient was hospitalized. Take, for example, an old man who goes to the hospital because of a heart attack. He tested positive for Covid-19 but without any symptoms. He still has to be hospitalized for treatment for the heart attack.
This can also be true of deaths that have occurred in people with superinfections.
In Delaware, a spokesperson for the state’s Department of Public Health said that just because residents died with a diagnosis of Covid-19 “does not mean that Covid was the cause of death.”
Similar observations were made in Colorado.
“Someone may have died or been hospitalized as a result of another cause, but they have tested positive for Covid-19,” the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment said in an email.
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Tracking and analyzing supernatural infections is important so that public health officials have a A good understanding of how vaccines work – or not.
“We don’t see evidence at this time that weakened immunity occurs among people who were vaccinated last December or January, and they are at increased risk of infection,” Butler, of the CDC, said.
But those who remain at risk even after vaccination may need to continue Masks and social distancing Brooch said now.
“Until we control community transmission very well, they shouldn’t consider themselves completely protected,” Bruch said.
Judy Silverman Contributed.