Technology Stacks for Web Application Development

To build a web application that is robust, performance-oriented, and dynamic, you need to choose the right technology stack. Whether you need to develop an enterprise application or a web application for your customers, it should be quick and interactive.

If you’re looking for the best technology stack for web application development, we’ve got you covered. In this post, we’ll take a look at the key technologies you need to build your specific application. First, let’s start with what is a technology stack?

What is a technology stack?

Simply put, technology stack is a complete set of programming languages, frameworks and some software used to build web or mobile applications. Specifically about the web application development technology stack, it’s a combination of the special components that make up an app.

Components of the technology stack

When we talk about the web application technology stack components, it has two major parts – front end technologies and back end technologies. Both components have their own technologies and frameworks that are used for application development.

Front end development.

Frontend Development, also known as client-side development, is a technology stack that allows web apps to run on browsers. Frontend component allows users to interact with the web app and each of its components. Frontend components make customer interaction easier and more intuitive. Below are some major technologies for this component.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

It is the most widely used technology used to develop web applications. It is used to create the overall structure of visible and clickable components and content on a web page.

CSS (cascading style sheets)

CSS allows developers to design what a page will look like and how the content will fit with the components. CSS is an important technology that developers use to define colors, fonts, layouts and many other elements.

Javascript

JavaScript is responsible for making the web application interactive while it is running on the customer’s device. Using JavaScript, developers can use and add a variety of dynamic elements that are interactive and make the page more intuitive. For a wide range of web applications, Bootstrap is a popular framework for HTML and CSS. It has a wide range of libraries that have a large user base in themselves.

When we talk about the JavaScript framework, the alternatives are many and the competition is fierce because there is a variety of JS frameworks available. Angular JS and React JS are two of the most widely used JavaScript frameworks.

Back and development.

After the frontend, the second component is backend development which ensures that all the required functions are coded in the application and they are working as required. Implements the backend web application with various functional logics and establishes communication between each of its elements. Only with back-end technologies, every component of the application can learn how and when to respond to requests from front-end implementation.

This is also known as server-side programming and consists of three major components: programming languages, databases and a server. So let’s take a look at the technologies involved in each of these sections.

Programming languages ​​for backend development

Web developers can choose the code for web applications from a wide range of different programming languages. There are many programming frameworks available for each language that make coding faster and more accurate.

Below are some popular used programming languages ​​and the frameworks available for them, which are mentioned in brackets.

  • Python (Jiang, flask)
  • PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter)
  • JavaScript (NodeJS, MeteorJS, ExpressJS)
  • Ruby (Ruby on Rail)
  • Scala (play)

Data base.

Here are some common web development databases:

  • MySQL (Related)
  • Post Gree MySQL (Related)
  • MongoDB (unrelated, document)

Without a database, it is impossible to create an application because it stores all the data related to the application and users. The database is used to store data in real time and is processed to provide the necessary information as output. There are basically two types of database technologies that developers use to build web apps. The first is a related database and the second is an irrelevant database.

Advanced technology stack.

As we move towards digitization, the pile of technology is also changing and so far, numerous advanced technology stacks are available. Some common advanced technology piles are LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP / Perl / Python), MEAN stack, and MERN stack.

Final thoughts.

With increasing customer demand and market trends, the technology stack is also growing. If you are just starting to learn full stack development, consider these technologies to get started. With all these technologies and frameworks, you can build a complete web app to meet all business needs. Develop a web application and move forward by better serving your customers.

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