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Poland’s leaders have a message to the EU ahead of Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki’s speech to the European Parliament on Tuesday – “We do not give in to any blackmail”.
These are the words of Jaroslav Kaczynski, the de facto leader of the country and head of the ruling Law and Justice party, in a new framework. to interview With the pro-government Sieci portal.
This opinion comes with sending Morawiecki on Monday Message To his fellow European Union leaders, who are scheduled to meet during the European Council meeting on Thursday and Friday, calling on them to “open up to dialogue.”
“I would like to assure you that Poland remains a loyal member of the European Union,” the Polish prime minister said, stressing that Poland follows EU law and respects the rulings of the EU Court of Justice. We are obligated to do so to the extent required by treaties. Not one atom less – not one more atom.”
The Polish reactions come as the European Union enters what has been described as one of the most tense weeks in the fraught relationship between Warsaw and Brussels. Long-standing concerns about the rule of law in Poland, stemming from the efforts of the nationalist ruling party to exert greater political control over the judicial system, reached a peak after Rule Earlier this month by the country’s Constitutional Court it was found that the Polish constitution takes precedence over some aspects of EU law, effectively undermining the legal basis of the EU.
This is prompting the European Commission to slow down in approving Poland Order For 24 billion euros in grants and 12 billion euros in loans under the European Union’s pandemic recovery programme.
Although Poland and the rule of law are not on the agenda for this week’s leaders’ meeting, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said he would push for Poland’s funds to be frozen. However, German Chancellor Angela Merkel already to caution EU countries and the European Parliament are against rushing to block Polish recovery funds.
The European Parliament also sets the pressure Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to act against Poland, either by blocking pandemic relief funds or by launching a new mechanism linking EU funding to rule of law standards.
The crisis with Brussels has prompted Poland’s opposition to warn that the PiS is aiming for a so-called “Polexit” exit from the European Union. This could cause a potential problem for the government, as EU membership is very popular in the country.
In his interview, Kaczyński stressed that Polexit was “pure nonsense”.
“Given all these attacks on Poland, we cannot ignore another element – Russian influence in Europe,” he said.
He also added that Poland is again planning to change its approach to the justice system, this time by abolishing a new disciplinary chamber of the Supreme Court, the body of the European Court of Justice. Rule It should be suspended because it lacks guarantees of “independence and impartiality”.
In its current form [the chamber] It does not meet the planned goals but creates unnecessary tensions,” Kaczyński said. “After this repair, at least one of the stress points will disappear.”
In his letter to fellow leaders, Morawiecki tried to explain that Poland was acting in the broader interests of EU countries in their ongoing battles over the rule of law.
He said he wanted to draw their attention “to a dangerous phenomenon that threatens the future of our union. We must be concerned about the gradual transformation of the Federation into an entity that ceases to be a coalition of free, equal and sovereign states, and instead becomes a single, centrally administered entity, run by institutions deprived of democratic control.” by citizens of European countries.”
Morawiecki also argued that the Polish Constitutional Court did nothing more than similar courts in other EU countries that also clashed with the EU and the Court of Justice. “This is a well-traversed theological path, which is by no means new,” he wrote.
However, many legal analysts disagree. The consequences of the ruling “could be dire not only for Poland, but for the entire European Union” books Medel, a legal NGO.
Moraviki appealed to fellow leaders to avoid confrontation over the rule of law.
“The language of financial blackmail, punishment and ‘starvation’ of non-democratic, centralized and pressured countries has no place in European politics,” he said, adding: “Poland is ready for dialogue. We look forward to speaking – in the spirit of mutual respect, respect for our sovereignty, without pushing us to give up our competences. National”.
In a sign that Warsaw does not plan to back down, Justice Minister Zbigniew Sziobro, the man who has pushed through far-reaching changes to the court system, said on Monday he would press his government to bring a case in the EU judge’s court against Germany for violating EU treaties by politicizing its judicial system. . His argument is that Germany is guilty of the same thing that Poland is accused of – politicians who choose judges.
“We are in the European Union”, Ziobro Tell reporters. “These principles must be shared and must be strictly adhered to.”
But Poland has come under heavy criticism for violating the rules enshrined in the constitution for how judges are selected. The same does not apply to Germany.