Leptospirosis cases on the rise in New York City: What to know about infectious diseases that spread to mice

New York City An increase in human cases has been reported leptospirosis, a bacterial disease That city reports have spread before mice.

In an advisory report in late September, the city’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene reported that 14 cases of human leptospirosis had been identified this year, a number it said was more than the total number reported to the city’s health department in any previous year.

Cases were identified in all neighborhoods except Staten Island with “no apparent clustering.”

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Thirteen of the 14 people were hospitalized with acute renal and hepatic failure, and two patients were also reported to have severe pulmonary involvement.

One person died as a result of the infection and the others were treated and discharged from hospital.

Three of the injured have been reported homelessness It was one person travel when injured.

Most of the cases had a “clear history or risk factor” exposing them to an environment full of severe infestation with rats, The consultant.

A rat runs along High Line on September 22, 2018 in New York City.
(Photo by Gary Hirschhorn/Getty Images)

According to a health official, He said from inside There was the fifteenth case of zoonosis last week and it appears that the infected person has recovered.

Deputy Commissioner for Disease Control Celia Quinn noted that the Department of Health was conducting inspections and working with property owners to conduct a treatment for mice.

last MayThe US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has warned that mice are likely to become more aggressive due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The department said New York City documented a total of 57 cases between 2006 and 2020.

in 2017, the Department of Health targeted a Bronx neighborhood after one person died and two others became severely ill from leptospirosis, including a man infected with leptospirosis. The first documented case of swollen testicles associated with disease.

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Pets and Animals Can Also Get Sick New York released veterinary alert in the same year.

The Big Apple is home to millions of mice and ranks third Orkin Menu of America’s “harshest cities”, behind Chicago and Los Angeles.

According to the Center for Disease Control and PreventionIn humans, leptospirosis occurs through contact with urine of infected animals or other bodily fluids—except saliva—or contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals.

Symptoms of the disease include high fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, jaundice, redness of the eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rash. However, some people may not have any symptoms at all.

Three mice forage for food at the subway platform at Herald Square on September 3, 2017 in New York City.

Three mice forage for food at the subway platform at Herald Square on September 3, 2017 in New York City.
(Photo by Gary Hirschhorn/Getty Images)

The time period between exposure to the contaminated source and becoming ill ranges from two to four weeks.

After the first stage of the disease, the patient may recover but get sick again and the second stage is more severe resulting in kidney damage, meningitis, liver failure, shortness of breath and death.

The illness lasts anywhere from a few days to more than three weeks and recovery may take several months without treatment.

Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin, which must be given early in the course of the disease.

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People can reduce their risk of disease by not swimming in contaminated water or eliminating contact with potentially infected animals.

The agency noted that leptospirosis is more common in temperate or tropical climates, and the incidence of leptospirosis infection among urban children appears to be on the rise.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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