Worldwide, the total number of confirmed cases of Covid-19 has reached over 233,340,000, with more than 4,775,000 deaths reported.
In Japan, Covid-19 cases appear to be declining.
In September, Japan reported 208,900 cases (an average of 7,700 new cases daily); this is a significant decrease from the 564,000 cases reported in August (with an average of approximately 18,000 new cases daily).
As cases are declining, Japanese officials have decided to lift the state of emergency after five months of restrictions.
Restrictions will be lifted gradually; initially there will be a curfew at 20:00 and people will be advised to avoid camping and gatherings that are not necessary.
The government will then prepare to set up vaccine passports for major events and travel.
At present, approximately 53% of the Japanese population is fully vaccinated against Covid-19.
Vaccine passports can encourage unvaccinated individuals to get vaccinated, which could help reduce the number of cases even further.
Malaysia recorded very few Covid-19 cases throughout 2020 and early 2021, due to the effective application of mitigation measures and closure restrictions.
Since May this year, however, Malaysia has recorded an increase in cases.
As of September, 18,700 new cases have been reported daily, but a total of 486,000 cases have been reported so far this month.
On average, more than 300 deaths have been recorded daily in September.
The mortality rate in everyday cases is low compared to the number of new cases; however, this can be attributed to the fact that 60% of the population is fully vaccinated.
There are no new measures in place to control the current wave.
Malaysia intends to ease restrictions and reopen borders for vaccinated tourists and Malaysian citizens.
The number of cases is unlikely to decrease until the proportion of vaccinated individuals increases and measures are taken to reduce the spread of the virus.
Anna Moody, MRES, Epidemiologist at GlobalData