Environment Agency: Adapt or die: resilience to climate change | climate crisis
England is facing more floods, droughts, rising sea levels and increased demand for water supplies due to climate change Environment Agency to caution.
before the United Nations policeman 26 Climate talks in Glasgow, the government agency warns that adaptation – becoming resilient to the inevitable effects of climate change – is just as important as actions to reduce greenhouse gases.
Environment Agency chief Emma Howard Boyd said it was an “adapt or die” situation, warning that fatal events such as Floods in Germany this summer It will hit the UK if the country does not make itself resilient to the more violent weather the climate emergency brings.
In a government report, EA said climate change would exacerbate pressure on England’s aquatic environment, which has problems such as pollution and increased demand, and make it difficult to ensure clean and plentiful water.
The report said that the agency alone cannot protect everyone from increased flood and coastal risks, and traditional flood defenses will not be able to prevent all flooding and coastal erosion.
There will be more and worse environmental accidents, such as floods, water shortages and pollution; Regulation not ready for climate change; EA said the natural world cannot adapt as quickly as the climate is changing.
The report notes that population growth and climate change will increase water demand and means that if no further action is taken between 2025 and 2050, more than 3.4 billion additional liters of water per day will be needed for a resilient public water supply.
Hotter, drier summers, higher sea levels, and pressures from development add to problems with water supply for people, industry, agriculture, recreational use of rivers, and wildlife. With a global warming of 2°C – below the level of warming the world is currently on track for – winter precipitation in England will increase by about 6%, but summer precipitation will decrease by 15% by the 1950s.
The report warns that sea level in London is expected to rise between 23 cm and 29 cm by 2050, and about 45 cm at 2 °C of warming, or 78 cm in a hotter world by 2080. River flow patterns will become more extreme Rainy days may become more intense.
The environment agency said it was working with the government, businesses and communities on flood protection and with the water supply watchdog Offat.
She said she is focused on restoring and creating peatlands, wetlands and other habitats to create resilient habitats for wildlife, reduce flood risks, improve water quality and enhance access to green spaces for people.
Howard Boyd said: “The climate crisis is global, but its effects are in your village, your store, your home.
“Adaptation actions need to be an integral part of government, businesses and societies as well and people will soon be wondering why this isn’t happening – especially when investing early in climate resilience is much cheaper than bearing the costs of inaction.”
She added: “While mitigation may save the planet, it is adaptation and preparedness for climate shocks that will save millions of lives.
“It adapts or it dies. With the right approach we can be safer and more prosperous. So let’s prepare, act and live.”
The warnings come in the Environment Agency’s third adaptation report, which was submitted to the government under the Climate Change Act.