Afghanistan ‘at a tipping point’ says UN as G20 ministers meet | Afghanistan
G20 leaders and ministers will meet via videoconference on Tuesday to discuss a UN proposal to transfer funds to it Afghanistan To mitigate the worsening humanitarian catastrophe.
It will be the first time that the world’s richest countries will meet to discuss the consequences of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and the Taliban’s takeover of power on August 15. Afghanistan was 75% dependent on foreign aid prior to the takeover, and funds held abroad were frozen by the United States.
The United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, said the country is going through a critical phase. He told reporters in New York: “In respect of international law and principles, we have to find ways to inject liquidity into the economy so that the economy does not collapse. If we don’t act and help the Afghans weather this storm, and we do so soon, they will not pay a heavy price but the whole world.”
He said the money could be channeled through UN trust funds and other instruments. “I am particularly disturbed to see that the promises the Taliban made to Afghan women and girls have not been kept,” he added.
The video conference is hosted by the Italian Prime Minister, Mario Draghi, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the G20. Draghi has struggled to bring the G20 nations together at the top. Russia China opposes the Western policy of imposing political demands on the Taliban as a condition for assistance, and the United States is also unenthusiastic, mainly because it does not want to reconsider what was widely seen as a foreign policy disaster. US officials met the Taliban bilaterally in Doha, Qatar over the weekend.
Draghi is keen to find a way through the United Nations and charities to get the money to ordinary Afghans without providing support to the Taliban, who have done little to suggest they have changed their views on women or the opposition since they ruled most of the country in a second. Half of the nineties. The Taliban demanded more time to get girls back into secondary education.
In a sign of diplomatic tensions, Russia arranged a rival conference for Afghanistan in Moscow on October 20, to which Pakistan, India and Iran were invited. Iran is also arranging its own conference.
The Italian-led video conference is scheduled to last no more than three hours and will not discuss the issue of recognizing the Taliban. Instead, it will look at how to send aid into the country without backing the Taliban.
Guterres is due to join the summit, underlining the central role being given to the north in addressing the crisis – in part because many countries are unwilling to have direct relations with the Taliban. He said that until September, the United Nations had contacted the Taliban province separately to ensure the freedom of its staff to work unimpeded in the field of humanitarian assistance.
The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, both of which have funds that have been frozen since the Taliban took power, will also attend.
Qatar, which has played a vital role as a hub for refugees fleeing the country, was invited and discussions are likely about the opening of the Kabul airport.
In his speech to the United Nations General Assembly in September, Draghi criticized the Taliban, saying that the formation of Afghanistan’s new executive authority did not meet the international community’s expectations of inclusiveness and representation.
Neither Chinese President Xi Jinping nor his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin is expected to participate in the video call, leaving the task to their foreign ministers. Boris Johnson is vacationing in Marbella, but took part in business calls with world leaders on Monday.
Ahead of the summit and speaking in Doha, the Afghan foreign minister appealed to the world for good relations but avoided making tough commitments on girls’ education despite international demands that all Afghan children be allowed to return to school.
“The international community needs to start cooperating with us,” Acting Foreign Minister Amir Khan Mottaki said at an event organized by the Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies.
“With this we will be able to stop the insecurity and at the same time we will be able to deal positively with the world,” he said.
Calling for the release of frozen Afghan assets worth $9 billion held abroad, Mottaki Al-Alam said, “The Islamic Emirate has controlled the ISIS issue well so far,” adding that international pressure on the government is helping the morale of the Islamic State. . “Instead of pressure, the world should cooperate with us.”