HomeAbimael Guzman, leader of the Shining Path in Peru, dies at 86 | Peru

Abimael Guzman, leader of the Shining Path in Peru, dies at 86 | Peru

Abimael Guzmán, founder and leader of the Shining Path, the Maoist rebels who terrorized Peru In the 1980s and 1990s, he died in a military hospital at the age of 86, the Peruvian government said.

After nearly 30 years serving a life sentence in a maximum security prison inside a naval base, Guzmán died at 6.40 a.m. Saturday due to “health complications.” The Peruvian prison service confirmed.

President Gonzalo, as he was known to his fanatical followers, launched a bloody, bloody conflict in May 1980 when ‘The Shining Path’ declared war on the state, the most feared man in Peru.

The ensuing conflict, marked by brutal massacres, car bombs, and targeted assassinations, killed tens of thousands of Peruvians.

Guzman, a philosophy professor turned messianic leader, preached that a Mao-inspired peasant revolution would first take over the countryside and then move into the urban areas. He was arrested in a Lima bunker in 1992 and sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorism and other crimes.

The main victims of Shining Path were the same people they allegedly defended. According to the country’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, she was notorious for her brutality and unwillingness to spare women and children, and killed more than 28,000 Peruvians, mostly from poor rural communities.

Between 1980 and 2000, 69,280 people were killed, the Truth Commission found, 54% at the hands of the Shining Path, while state security forces and the smaller Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, or MRTA, are responsible for the other deaths. To date, there are more than 20,000 registered victims of enforced disappearance in the country.

“He was the main culprit of one of the country’s greatest tragedies,” chirp Ivan Lanegra, Secretary General of the Peruvian NGO Transparency. “He built a totalitarian ideology that justified the killing in the name of political goals.”

Guzmán’s death comes at a time when several ministers in the government of leftist President Pedro Castillo are alleged to have sympathies or direct links with the rebel group he founded. Prime Minister Castillo, Guido PeledoHe is accused of defending the Shining Path and is being investigated for allegedly “apologizing for terrorism”.

The leader of the terrorist gang, Abimael Guzmán, responsible for taking the countless lives of our compatriots, is dead. “Our position on condemning terrorism is firm and consistent,” Castillo said on Twitter.

The Minister of Labor, Uber Maravi, was allegedly part of the terrorist group in its infancy in Ayacucho, where Guzmán was a university professor, according to an investigation. Republic newspaper.

Guzman, who considered himself the “fourth sword of Marxism” after Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, was captured two months after the single most deadly attack of the Shining Path on the Peruvian capital that killed 25 people and injured more than 150.

He later married for the second time to Elena Iparagueire, No. 2 of the group, in 2010 in prison where he was serving a life sentence. Iparraguirre, who was also arrested in 1992, was brought from the women’s prison to attend the ceremony.

As his widow, Iparraguirre will decide what to do with his remains, amid a national debate over whether Guzmán should be buried in a Peruvian cemetery or his ashes scattered at sea.

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