Abdul Razzaq Qurna receives the Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded Thursday to Abdul Razzaq Gharna “for his hard-line and passionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the Gulf between cultures and continents.”

Garna was born in Zanzibar, now part of Tanzania, in 1948, but currently lives in Britain. He left Zanzibar at the age of 18 as a refugee afterwards Violent uprising of 1964 Where soldiers overthrew the country’s government. He is the first African to win the prize – considered the most prestigious in world literature – in nearly two decades.

It is the fifth overall Wole Soyinka Nigeria in 1986, Naguib Mahfouz Egypt, which won 1988; And the South African winners Nadine Gordimer In 1991 and John Maxwell Coetzee in 2003.

The novels of the tenth century includedeparture memorythe “Pilgrims Way” and “Dottie”, all dealing with the experience of immigration in Britain; “heaven, ” Nominated for the Booker Prize in 1994, about a boy in an East African country suffering from the effects of colonialism; And “fascinated by silenceAbout a young man who leaves Zanzibar for England, where he marries and becomes a teacher.

The language of First Qurna is Swahili, but he adopted English as his literary language, and his prose is often replete with traces of Swahili, Arabic, and German.

Anders Olsson, chair of the committee that awards the prize, said at Thursday’s press conference that Gourna is “widely recognized as one of the world’s most celebrated writers of the post-colonial period”. He added that Gourna “has constantly and with great sympathy penetrated the effects of colonialism in East Africa and its effects on the lives of uprooted individuals and migrants.”

Olson said that the characters in his novels “find themselves in the gap between cultures and continents, between the life left behind and the life to come, in the face of racism and prejudice, but also forcing themselves to silence the truth or reinvent the autobiography to avoid conflict with reality.”

Laura Winters, Writing in the New York Times in 1996, which he called “Paradise” “a shimmering, slanted tale of coming of age,” adding that “Admiring Silence” was a work that “subtly depicted the suffering of a man caught between two cultures, each of whom would disown him for his prayers to the other.”

in a Interview with africanors.com Earlier this year, Jarna spoke about how, in his latest book, After Life, he sought to shed light on how people affected by war and colonialism were shaped but not defined by those experiences, and how they arose from the stories he heard growing up . in Zanzibar.

“I was surrounded by people who had experienced these things up close and were talking about it,” he said. “These stories were with me all the time and what I needed was time to organize them into this story. My academic work has also shaped these stories.”

Qurna pointed out that throughout his career he was involved in issues of displacement, exile, identity and belonging.

“There are different ways of experiencing belonging and not belonging. How do people view themselves as part of a community? How are some included and some excluded? To whom does the community belong?” he said.

In the preface to this year’s award, the Literature Prize has been called for its lack of diversity among its laureates. Journalist Greta Thorville, Writing in Dagens Nyheter, a Swedish newspaper, noted that 95 of 117 Past Nobel Laureates from Europe or North America, and that only 16 winners were women. “Can it really go on like this?” She asked.

American poet lucky louise He received a literature prize last year for writing “that rigorous beauty makes individual existence universal,” according to a quote from the Nobel Committee. Her award was seen as a much-needed reset for the award after several years of scandal.

In 2018 Academy Prize postponed After an academy member’s husband is accused of sexual misconduct and leaking names of candidates to bookmakers. He was the husband of the Academy member, Jean-Claude Arnault, later He was sentenced to two years in prison for rape.

The following year, the Academy awarded the postponed 2018 Prize to Olga Tokarczuk, an experimental Polish novelist. But the academy has been criticized for Award 2019 to Peter HandkeAustrian writer and playwright Who was accused of genocide denial To call into question the events that occurred during the Balkan wars of the 1990s – including the Srebrenica massacre, in which some 8,000 Muslim men and boys were killed.

Lawmakers in Albania, Bosnia, and Kosovo decried the decision, as did several prominent novelists, including Jennifer Egan and Harry Konzro.

  • David Julius and Ardam Patbutian They received an award in Physiology or Medicine on Monday for their discoveries about how people feel heat, cold, touch and their bodily movements.

  • Three scholars Their work “Based on our knowledge of Earth’s climate and how humanity affects it” earned a physics prize Tuesday: Seokuro Manabe of Princeton University; Klaus Hesselmann of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany; and Giorgio Baresi from Sapienza University in Rome

  • Benjamin List and David WC Macmillan They received a chemistry prize on Wednesday for developing a more environmentally friendly tool for building molecules.

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