10 Famous Abstract Paintings Every Art Lover Should Know
After centuries of tradition, Abstract artists He sought to make paintings that did not adhere to traditional “rules” such as nature and perspective. This radical style resulted in powerful lyrical paintings that focused on color, composition, and emotion.
Dutch painter Piet Mondrian, for example, created Composition with red, blue and yellow, which eloquently summarizes his aesthetic philosophy using straight lines and primary colors. Similarly, Kazimir Malevich black square It is an abstract piece often cited for the purity of its simplicity. Other pioneers such as Hilma af Klint and Wassily Kandinsky have created oil paintings that have also made their mark by proving that there are countless ways to capture human experiences in the abstract.
Here, we will explore 10 Famous Abstract Paintings And discover what made them so important.
Expand your knowledge of art history by learning about these 10 famous abstract paintings.
Hilma F Klint, No. 7, adulthood, 1907
Although not as well known as many male artists of her time, the Swedish artist Hilma af Clint She was a pioneering abstract artist whose radical paintings predate many of her male contemporaries. She requested that her huge body of work – most of which was never shown during her lifetime – remain invisible until 20 years after her death. No. 7, adulthood It is part of Af Klint’s . Program The Big Ten Series. The collection represents life stages, including childhood, youth, maturity, and old age. They combine botanical elements with distinctive organic things that signify birth and growth. This huge canvas, 3 meters high and 2 meters wide, was drawn on paper on the studio floor, then pasted onto canvas.
Af Klint interprets adulthood in full bloom by painting various flowing shapes of different sizes and colors on a purple background. The central yellow symbol resembles a flower, while the spirals and vital shapes are symbols of growth and fertility.
Wassily Kandinsky, Seventh Genesis, 1913
Russian art theorist and painter Wassily Kandinsky They used colors and abstract shapes to communicate different human experiences. Many of his pieces were inspired by music, and he believed that sounds could be found in brush strokes.
Seventh Genesis Made while the artist was living in Munich, Germany. While the composition may seem chaotic at first glance, Kandinsky spent months creating it, creating over 30 sketches in oil and watercolor before making the final piece. The theme of this painting is battle and redemption. Some symbols, including pigs, mountains, and shapes, can be spotted within the maze of colors and symbols.
Kazimir Malevich black square, 1915
Russian artist Kazimir Malevich honed his painting skills in many styles, but eventually became famous for his superior abstract art, which relied on geometric shapes. black square These are his most famous paintings, which he repeated four times with slightly different variations.
The 1915 edition is the first of these works and is considered by art historians and critics to be a pivotal work of modern art, often referred to as “scratch painting”. Malevich himself said about the work: “[Black Square is meant to evoke] The experience of pure objectivity in the white void of the liberated thing.
Paul Klee, and Twitter machine, 1922
Swiss-born German artist Paul Klee He had much in common with his contemporary, Wassily Kandinsky. Both artists were members of the German Expressionist group blue knightBoth were deeply influenced by the relationship between music and painting. Twitter machine It is the most famous total sound imaging. It depicts a flock of birds on a wire with a rotating mechanism. Klee painted this multimedia illustration with watercolor, ink, and oil.
mondrian house, Composition with red, blue and yellow, 1930
After drawing in a realistic style for years, a Dutch artist Piet Mondrian He joined the abstract art movement and quickly became a leading figure. He formed his own philosophy on an abstraction called Tumors (also called the pattern), describing it thus: “This new plastic idea will ignore the details of appearance … On the contrary, it must find its expression in the abstraction of form and color, that is, in the straight and clearly defined line of the original color.” Composition with red, blue and yellow He is a famous example of these ideas.
Wassily Kandinsky, X . configuration, 1939
The last in a series compositionsAnd X . configuration It is the culmination of Kandinsky’s exploration of expression through the non-representational form. The organic forms are influenced by the vibrant forms of surrealism while the colors express the inner feelings that Kandinsky experienced towards the end of his life. The black background color represents the universe and the end of life while allowing the colored sections to show. The painting illustrates the cycle of life and the emotional upheavals that everyone in the world goes through.
Paul Klee, death and fire1940
total fee death and fire In 1940, a few months before his death in June of that year. He was suffering from a condition known as scleroderma, which caused joint pain and rashes on his hands. This explains why his work during this period has become much simpler, and death and fire is a prime example of that.
Klee was influenced by primitive art in the past, but this painting is too simplistic and critics have likened it to the style of cave paintings. An illustration of a death, the oil-on-jute piece depicts a central motif resembling a human skull showing the word “tod” (the German word for “death”). The ‘Tod’ can be found again in the ‘T’ shape for the raised arm shape, the golden ball (O) in his hand, and the D shape for his face.
Mark Rothko Yellow, pink and lavender on roses, 1950
The name Mark Rothko It immediately brings to mind paintings with large, flat areas of color. Russian-American abstract artist specializing in color field painting, which describes art that uses large areas of color. Rothko experimented with a range of color combinations to communicate different human experiences and emotions. Yellow, Pink, Lavender on Rose It is one of his earlier works from the fifties. The warm juxtaposition of colors evokes a sense of joy.
Barnett Newman, Outstanding heroic man, 1951
Another color pioneer, American artist Barnett Newman He thinks, “The painter is a space choreographer.” He invented what he called the “zip”, a group of vertical colors that distinguished his work from that of his fellow Abstract Expressionists.
his painting majestic hero (“Man, Heroic and Sublime”), Epic measures 95 x 213 inches and was his largest painting at the time. It features large fields of bright red that are divided by transverse vertical “zip” lines. With its sheer scale, Newman attempted to elicit a strong reaction from the viewer and surround the entire viewer – and his personal space – with vibrant color.
Helen Frankenthaler, mountains and sea, 1952
American artist Helen Frankenthaler She developed her own penetration technique to fill the paintings with large fields of color. She devised the “soak-soak” process, which involved pouring paint with turpentine flakes onto fabric. This technique produced vibrant, blurry textures that resulted in an entirely new look and feel on the texture of the canvas. mountains and sea (1952) was the first artwork in which Frankenthaler used this process, and when fellow colorists Maurice Lewis and Kenneth Noland saw the work, they immediately adopted the method as well.